Dolor perineal                                                                       Perineal pain  

Oliveira SM, Silva FM, Riesco ML, Latorre Mdo R, Nobre MR. Comparison of application times for ice packs used to relieve perineal pain after normal birth: a randomised clinical trial. J Clin Nurs. 2012 21(23-24):3382-91.

Stolberg J. Enhancing postnatal perineal care: Part 2. Pract Midwife. 2012 15(7):34-6.

Stolberg J. Enhancing postnatal perineal care. Pract Midwife. 2012 15(6):26-8.

Dudley L, Kettle C, Carter P, Thomas P, Ismail KM. Perineal resuturing versus expectant management following vaginal delivery complicated by a dehisced wound (PREVIEW): protocol for a pilot and feasibility randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2012 2(4).

Johnson A, Thakar R, Sultan AH. Obstetric perineal wound infection: is there underreporting? Br J Nurs. 2012 21(5):S28, S30, S32-5.

Petersen MR. Review of interventions to relieve postpartum pain from perineal trauma. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2011 36(4):241-5.

Chang SR, Chen KH, Lin HH, Chao YM, Lai YH. Comparison of the effects of episiotomy and no episiotomy on pain, urinary incontinence, and sexual function 3 months postpartum: a prospective follow-up study. Int J Nurs Stud. 2011 48(4):409-18.

Leventhal LC, Bianchi RC, de Oliveira SM. Clinical trial comparing three types of cryotherapy in nonpregnant women. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2010 44(2):339-45.

Cioffi JM, Arundell F, Swain J. Clinical decision-making for repair of spontaneous childbirth trauma: validation of cues and related factors. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2009 54(1):65-72.e3.

Dahlen H, Homer C. Perineal trauma and postpartum perineal morbidity in Asian and non-Asian primiparous women giving birth in Australia. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2008 37(4):455-63.

Almeida SF, Riesco ML. Randomized controlled clinical trial on two perineal trauma suture techniques in normal delivery. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2008 16(2):272-9.

Dahlen HG, Homer CS, Cooke M, Upton AM, Nunn RA, Brodrick BS. 'Soothing the ring of fire': Australian women's and midwives' experiences of using perineal warm packs in the second stage of labour. Midwifery. 2009 25(2):e39-48.

Albers LL, Borders N. Minimizing genital tract trauma and related pain following spontaneous vaginal birth. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2007 52(3):246-53.

Williams A, Herron-Marx S, Knibb R. The prevalence of enduring postnatal perineal morbidity and its relationship to type of birth and birth risk factors. J Clin Nurs. 2007 16(3):549-61.

Williams A, Herron-Marx S, Carolyn H. The prevalence of enduring postnatal perineal morbidity and its relationship to perineal trauma. Midwifery. 2007 23(4):392-403.

Riesco ML, de Oliveira SM. Postnatal perineal edema assessment: agreement among observers. Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2007 28(4):465-72.

Sanders J, Peters TJ, Campbell R. Techniques to reduce perineal pain during spontaneous vaginal delivery and perineal suturing: a UK survey of midwifery practice. Midwifery. 2005 21(2):154-60.

Hicks TL, Goodall SF, Quattrone EM, Lydon-Rochelle MT. Postpartum sexual functioning and method of delivery: summary of the evidence. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2004 49(5):430-6.

Upton A, Roberts CL, Ryan M, Faulkner M, Reynolds M, Raynes-Greenow C. A randomised trial, conducted by midwives, of perineal repairs comparing a polyglycolic suture material and chromic catgut. Midwifery. 2002 18(3):223-9.

Stamatiadis A, Konstantinou E, Theodosopoulou E, Mamoura K. Frequency of operative trauma to anal sphincters: evaluation with endoanal ultrasound. Gastroenterol Nurs. 2002 25(2):55-9.

Steen M, Cooper K, Marchant P, Griffiths-Jones M, Walker J. A randomised controlled trial to compare the effectiveness of ice-packs and Epifoam with cooling maternity gel pads at alleviating postnatal perineal trauma. Midwifery. 2000 16(1):48-55.

Calvert S, Fleming V. Minimizing postpartum pain: a review of research pertaining to perineal care in childbearing women. J Adv Nurs. 2000 32(2):407-15.


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