Obstrucción del dispositivo (esp.)                                                   Device obstruction (spc.)  

van Miert C, Hill R, Jones L. Interventions for restoring patency of occluded central venous catheter lumens. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Apr18;4:CD007119. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007119.pub2.

Bertolino G, Pitassi A, Tinelli C, Staniscia A, Guglielmana B, Scudeller L, Luigi Balduini C. Intermittent flushing with heparin versus saline for maintenance of peripheral intravenous catheters in a medical department: a pragmatic cluster-randomized controlled study. Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2012; 9(4):221-6.

Doellman D. Prevention, assessment, and treatment of central venous catheter occlusions in neonatal and young pediatric patients. J Infus Nurs. 2011; 34(4):251-8.

Arnts IJ, Heijnen JA, Wilbers HT, van der Wilt GJ, Groenewoud JM, Liem KD. Effectiveness of heparin solution versus normal saline in maintaining patency of intravenous locks in neonates: a double blind randomized controlled study. J Adv Nurs. 2011;67(12):2677-85.

Mitchell MD, Anderson BJ, Williams K, Umscheid CA. Heparin flushing and other interventions to maintain patency of central venous catheters: a systematic review. J Adv Nurs. 2009; 65(10):2007-21.

Yue ZY, Li JY, Yu CH, Zhao SZ, Fu Y. Complications with peripherally inserted central catheters - observations and nursing experiences at one medical center in Chengdu. Hu Li Za Zhi. 2010 Jun;57(3):79-85.

Muller C, Jacquier A, Varoquaux A, Cohen F, Louis G, Gaubert JY, et al. Urokinase in the management of occluded PICC lines. J Radiol. 2010; 91(3 Pt 1):287-91.

Schulmeister L. Management of non-infectious central venous access device complications. Semin Oncol Nurs. 2010; 26(2):132-41.

Skinner R, Koller K, McIntosh N, McCarthy A, Pizer B; United Kingdom Children's Cancer Study Group (UKCCSG); Paediatric Oncology Nursing Forum (PONF) Supportive Care Group. Prevention and management of central venous catheter occlusion and thrombosis in children with cancer. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008;50(4):826-30.

Phillips NM, Nay R. A systematic review of nursing administration of medication via enteral tubes in adults. J Clin Nurs. 2008; 17(17):2257-65.

Serrano M, García-Alix A, López JC, Pérez J, Quero J. Retained central venous lines in the newborn: report of one case and systematic review of the literature. Neonatal Netw. 2007; 26(2):105-10.

Kerner JA Jr, Garcia-Careaga MG, Fisher AA, Poole RL. Treatment of catheter occlusion in pediatric patients. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2006; 30(1 Suppl):S73-81.

Juvé ME. Intravenous catheter declotting: same outcomes with lower dose urokinase? J Infus Nurs. 2003; 26(4):245-51. 

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